Showing posts with label GUJARATI LIBRARY. Show all posts
Showing posts with label GUJARATI LIBRARY. Show all posts
JivanShikshan Magazine Download pdf Gcert official Website

JivanShikshan Magazine Download pdf Gcert official Website

 JivanShikshan Magazine Download pdf Gcert official Website



                    Articles for Jeevanshikshan should be computerized in Shruti font, size 12 and a soft copy should be sent to Jeevanshikshan's e-mail address: An unsolicited complaint and price responses are also e-mailed above send Address.

- Articles that are useful to improve the quality of school education and enhance the educational quality of the teacher are welcome.

- Information and introductory articles about the person or organization contributing to social change with innovative, modern trends in school education as well as educational change are welcome

The article should be original, legible, creative as well as misspelled, printed.

Keep a copy of the article, the unapproved article will not be returned.

The article will be published as per convenience. There will be no special correspondence about that,


               The standard of reward is kept. Therefore, the authors need to provide their bank account details such as bank account number, bank name and branch, IFSC number and mobile number. Which - it will be the author.


- Full responsibility for the text of the article - Thoughts expressed in the article - Do not assume that GCERT, advisory board, editor, co-editor or editorial board agree with the details.

Jivanshikshan Magazine Varshik Lavazam

Annual subscription Rs. 100

Phone no. : (079) 23256833







Minister - Life Education, GCERT, Vidya Bhavana,
Sector-17, Gandhinagar PIN: 2018 Gujarat Council of Educational Research & Training. Gandhinagar


Annual subscription for subscription is Rs. 100 / - is kept. The month from which the subscription is paid will be considered as one year from the month. Subscriptions can be filled in two ways. 


(1) Online - ‘Jivanshikshan, GCERT’, Canara Bank - Gandhinagar AC No. 2381101006061,
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(2) Drafting the name of Tantrisri Jeevanshikshan, GCERT, Gandhinagar, Draft Bank | You have to send your full address along with the slip, along with the pincode number to 'Jivanshikshan, GCERT, Vidya Bhavana, Sector-15, 6-7' Corner, Gandhinagar - 2018 by post or transaction screenshot by e-mail. Subscriptions by cash or money order
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Important Link :-


જીવન શિક્ષણ મેગેઝીન તમામ અંક ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં



                  Concrete and effective efforts were made by the Gujarat State Education Department to ensure that students' education was not disrupted and continuity was maintained during the difficult times of the Koro epidemic. As soon as the new semester opened, home learning started on DD Girnar channel. The children of the entire state of Gujarat were able to take advantage of this even while staying at home. Similarly, digital content was made available through QR code through Gujarat Virtual School and Diksha App which was very useful to the children. It should also be noted that the 'Learn at Home' literature has also been very helpful. In the end, we all tried our best not to disappoint the parents and students even in such a difficult situation and not to create the mentality that the children are not doing anything by staying at home. We have all largely succeeded in our goal.


પરિવારનો માળો સલામત અને હૂંફાળો તમામ પ્રવૃત્તિ વિડીયો અહીં જુઓ.



            Despite the village, we are aware of the limitations of our efforts. The first is that such a wide range of digital learning experiences was new to all of us. In general, our children are accustomed to real education. Through Biseg we have been broadcasting distance learning programs there for over a decade, not only to complement the mainstream of education, but also to make digital learning in groups in the presence of a teacher at school and the child be alone at home and taught through digital media. There is a lot of difference. It is also possible that not every child across the state has the same availability of mobile or TV so many students have been deprived of education due to lack of mobile phone or TV or any other reason.



અધ્યયન નિષ્પત્તિઓ ધોરણ 1 થી 8 ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં.


             In this situation, in the new academic year, before studying the study outcomes related to that standard, it becomes necessary for the students to acquire skills in the minimum required study outcomes of the previous class. To this end, GCERT is preparing a literature for teachers in which mapping the required study findings of the previous standard attached to it for each standard. It also provides guidance on the proposed activities and resources required to teach the study findings so that teachers can provide appropriate guidance to students in the coming year. It is imperative to diagnose LEARNING LOSS in the previous year. Which can also be done based on the result of the first session diagnostic test. In addition, in the new academic year, effective work must be done in the direction of the basic things that have not been taught properly.


Gpsc પરિક્ષાઓનું નવું કેલેન્ડર 2021 ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં.

             E.g.  The study conclusions contained in the first chapter 'National Fruit Carry' in Std. 5 deal with a large number of "findings." The activity given on pages 10 to 12 should be done in the textbook. Thus, in order to achieve the study conclusion of Mathematics, Science, Environment and Social Science subject, it is essential to achieve the study conclusion of the previous standard. Here are some basic things for standard 6 to 8. Which will be very useful to all in this NEW NORMAL situation.

                  This issue of Life Education provides standardized study findings. This issue covers the study findings of Std. 6 to 8. Subject wise. The study findings of Std. 3 to 5 will also be published in the next issue. Hope everybody on this site also had a great day.

              Diet's lecturer pictures as well as SRG's collaboration have been received to differentiate the Essential Learning Outcome. Different codes are placed in this learning outcome. In which e.g. If M is the 601 code then M stands for Mathematics subject. The next digit indicates the 6th standard here and the subsequent digits show the study conclusion number and the sub-study conclusion number.



Important Link :-


જીવન શિક્ષણ મેગેઝીન તમામ અંક ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં

Swasthya Sudha Book Download | Ayurved Book | E-Book

Swasthya Sudha Book Download | Ayurved Book | E-Book

Swasthya Sudha Book Download | Ayurved Book | E-Book

According to the changing lifestyle of today, many questions have arisen against our health today. It is natural to worry about health at such times. Today we are all accustomed to allopathic medicines. If there is no one to cure the same side effects of these medicines, then Ayurveda is Ayurveda. In today's life, our life-style has made our thoughts about our health.

In this book, this book has talked about 500 health-related physical health and well-being in health. Expert Doctor's Experience and Guidance Ayurveda Agarwal has discussed all these issues with the book. In general, we are taking care of ailment body. In today's fastest time, if we can get warned before the disease, we should be protected from disease .If we are, we can not do good in any field. This book will prove to be very useful to everyone.

Swasthya Sudha Book Download | Ayurved Book | E-Book

સ્વસ્થય સુધા બુક ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં

The text of this health Sudha book is clear and effective and effective. Everybody who understands this book has also covered small things in the book. What are the causes of the disease? How to care for the patient? What can be done to live a healthy life? What is the right way to eat? How much is needed?

According to Ayurveda, according to daily body and balance of natural body, there is full information about fasting and fasting .This book has a lot of market value. Here the book can be downloaded to anyone free of charge. And easily read in a mobile computer or a laptop. If you like this book, then share it with other friends.




      Writer Dhruv Bhatt lives in Karamsad, the birthplace of Sardar Patel.  Currently living a retired life.  Also runs an organization for children called 'Nachiketa'.  Under which they teach children Akashdarshan, beach walking etc.  Applications.  With very beautiful creations.  He is a popular creator of Gujarati literature.  This book has been dedicated to Mahanadi Narmada, whose vision alone brings liberation from sin.  On its cover is a pedestrian lying on the Narmada, on the back page is a verse from the Chhandogya Upanishad: In this novel, Narmada herself becomes a character and flows silently.




 તત્વમસી ગુજરાતી બુક ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં

The immortal Jai Ghosh of Indian culture resonates in the common so-called stories of forest dwellers living in the forests of Narmada and breathing in the Narmada in Tatvamasi.  No name is given to the protagonist of the story here.  It is a symbol of today's youthful psyche.  Excerpts from his diary are in the form of a novel.  The protagonist is of Indian origin.  Has lived in America for years.  There his professor Rudolph sends him to India to study the tribes here.  Because the professor thinks that there are only two peoples in the whole world who can develop culturally, while maintaining tradition;  They are the people of India and Japan.  Then the protagonist comes from America.  Pro.  Meet Rudolph's acquaintance Supriya.  Supriya runs a tribal welfare center in Harikhoh on the banks of the Narmada.  Supriya has graduated.  The protagonist also considers man as a resource while Supriya opposes the bee as a resource.  Supriya has a life mantra, I am Brahman, you are the same and the whole world is Brahman.





 અતરાપી ગુજરાતી બુક ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં

After coming here, the protagonist is asked what kind of magic does this people, who have maintained their existence and identity even among the inferior rulers, foreign invaders and incompetent clergy, have kept the whole country intact from time to time?  And he gets the answer… .. Gujarat Free Book One reason is mutual love-feeling in the family.  The second reason is, everyone in this country has their own vision of life that they have got in the blood.  Everyone has knowledge of Ramayana-Mahabharata without reading it.  Then whether it is of any caste or province.  He feels the happiness and sorrow of the characters of these stories inside himself.  Because these are not just stories, but life and its traditions.  The third reason is that this culture stands on the feet of pilgrims. Gujarati Library Free Book 

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Supriya is an intelligent woman.  It's like listening to her idea.  He says: ‘I wonder if the whole world is worried if an animal or a bird is endangered.  The so-called intellectuals will write articles on it, protest… and if the whole culture of man, his tradition, the heritage of his life comes to an end and the whole system breaks down, it is welcomed as development!  I don't think this is appropriate.  What do you think? ’The question posed to the protagonist is all around us.  The differences between the East and the West are explained by a small dialogue, which has become the main dialogue of this book.  The hero's friend Lucy, who is from America, looks at the map of India and says that Narmada divides India into two parts.  Then the worshiper Shastriji replies to him that no, Narmada does not break India but connects it.  The Narmada connects Uttarakhand and Dakshinapath.  At one point in the book, Shastriji tells the protagonist: ‘I am not so much concerned with religion as with culture, with our way of life and traditions.  I am as concerned about our faith, our attitude towards life as I am about anything else.  This country and these people resented foreign rulers, they also welcomed other religions, but now I am afraid of what I hear and see.  Attempts are being made to change our outlook on life, our traditions and our culture.




 તિમિરપંથી ગુજરાતી બુક ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં

Akupar Natak director Aditi Desaishri Dhruv Bhatt speaks in a light style.  His hobby

Wandering, camping with children, strolling along the sea or river and sky view.  I like to do it myself, but I also like to do it for children.  Apart from living with unfamiliar families, creating self-study opportunities for students, trying to arouse interest in subjects that are not in the curriculum, and wandering aimlessly in the jungles on the islands.

 The protagonist of the story is a painter.  Is a native city dweller.  But he is asked to draw pictures about the elements of the earth, so the protagonist of the story does not know where to go to draw such pictures.  So he chooses the forests of Gir, now why he chooses the Sasangir forest is an unsolved riddle.






અકુપાર ગુજરાતી બુક ડાઉનલોડ કરો અહીં


The protagonist is a painter who lives with the Maldhari families, meets the forest department officials, gets information about the forest life from the Maldhari sisters, studies in depth about the forest life, the play takes a new turn with a heroine named Shansai, with the lion  Raised as a girl, she knows in detail about the life of Maldhari families in the forests of Giri.
 Akupar Natak depicts the values ​​of human life.  The play also says a lot about what human beings can do to nature.  Songs sung by Rajbha Gadhvi of Lila Paniya Ness have also been used in the play.

 The problem of Maldharis in Sasangir is also seen in the play.  The protagonist sees nature vividly. The most important thing in the play is the effect on the environment of the whole of India if there is no lion in Gir.  This play also gives him an idea.  At the end of the play, the protagonist finds his own solution as to why he has chosen this forest.
 His poetry
 Atalok deh, ema atalunk haiyun ne haiyam samandar shi maya,
 You can't see it from the outside, it's the body of a quince.

 What is experience? '' Something to know, something to understand. '

 ‘People consider it an area that is not safe to leave.  Really? '

 ‘Being someone’s or someone’s being is life’s own decision.  Not by someone else's decision. '

 ‘I don’t know how to explain what I hear from someone to others.  I can only say what I understand. '

 Call it philosophy or spiritual philosophy or the words of a novel.

 Yes, the above is a glimpse of Dhruv Bhatt's novel 'Atrapi'.

 Surprisingly, the protagonist of the story 'Atarapi' is a dog.  Whose name is - Sarmey.  Apart from this, there are many other dog characters - Kauleyak, Sadbhavini, Sarma, Vishwakadru, Kalo નથી it is not just dogs.  Humans are also characters - Shaku, Pratha, Sanjay, Ajanmya, Guruji, Dostar.

 A little more from 'Atrapi'.

 "It's better to know than to learn."

 ‘Becoming, moving forward and evolving’ is different.  Quite different. '

 "We learn even when no one is teaching."

 "You are rabid and rabies is different."

 "Until today, the legs have taken me everywhere, now I will take the legs."

 In the novel, dogs and humans talk to each other.  Understand each other, listen.  By making the dog a metaphor, Dhruvdada swallows very beautiful and profound words like a vein.  Atarapi is a little different and experimental than the rest of his novels.  Yet like his other books, one thing is common - self-identity.

 While reading Atarapi, I was reminded of Polo Coelho's novel Veronica.  No direct connection.  But just as the esoteric philosophy of life is easily described through the insane world, so the work is done by the world of dogs in ‘Atarapi’.

 ‘Darkness is eternal.  There is light, there is no darkness.  That's the decent thing to do, and it should end there. "

 ‘It is human nature.  What is in front has no value.  Get what you don't have! '

 "I can't teach anything, I can just tell."

 Atrapi ”
 The story is about a dog named Sarmey who unleashes your innate joy and calms your soul.
 There is a treasure trove of philosophy of identifying the "self" with the journey of the world of dogs and humans.

 Let you read three sentences continuously and keep thinking about it.
 1. I don't think it's necessary to do so.
 2. I don't know.
 3. It could be so.

 And the ending with one sentence.
 1. I do not mean this.

 In this novel, dog dialogue is highlighted by subordinating human characters.
 Like the Panchatantra, it seems to be an attempt to give an easy understanding through the dialogue of animals.  The names of each of the characters are in harmony in the Sanskrit sense.  There is a person named Pratha who gives birth to two puppies in the name of Sadbhavi. TATVAMASI, AKUPAAR, TIMIRPANTHI, ATRAAPI NAVALKATHA PDF GUJARATI DHRUV BHATT   Next up is Sarma, a bitch, Alark, Jigyasu, and Vishwakadru.
 The novel, like any other textbook of spiritual philosophy, seems to have simple and practical syntax.  The verses of the Bhagavad Gita, and the occasions of the Mahabharata are covered.  The social service activities for Antyodaya, the irregularities that take place in it, the practices of the gurus, trustees and seekers of the sadhana ashrams in the name of spirituality, etc., seem to have been critically and eye-witnessed.



Best of zaverchand meghani navalkatha collection

Even though the historicity remained the same;  People might have an idea;  Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person.  People were worshipers of holiness.  That folk-ideal makes it clear in the story of almost all outsiders that its destruction is present only when the outsider has strayed from the path of righteousness.  The belief in the gabby help of the gods tells the same education site

 Keep in mind that the true era of exile began in the late eighteenth century, spanned the entire nineteenth century, and ended in the first twentieth century.  Its last representative was Ram Walo.  After that it is only theft and robbery.  Don't call it an outsider.  Those Narya thieves have no place in this collection, the last and the brightest flame of the extinguishing policy will be the boundary-pillar of this collection with the same pious priest Ram.

 Part.  Mr.  The adornments of this book, drawn by Rawal, are not the pictures of an outsider, but the imaginary imagery of a ministerial sound rising from the character of each.  I am indebted to the editor of 'Balmitra' for the last two pictures.


 Sorathi Baharvatiya Part - 1 

 * Bhimo Jat *
 * Bawa Walo *
 * Valo Namori *
 * Champraj walo *
 * Natho Modhwadi *

  Sorathi Baharvatia Part - 2 

 * Jogidas Khuman *
 * Mulu Manek - Jodha Manek *
 * Jesaji - Vejaji *

  Sorathi Baharvatia Part - 3

 * Baharvatiyani mimansa*
 * Mahiyana Baharvatiya *
 * Kadu Makrani *
 * Ramwalo *
 * Mower Sandhwani *

    There are various arguments going on on Baharvatiya's stories.  I am asked if people want to go out?  The exact effect of the book is also speculative: some say that reading it satisfies childish desires for slaughter and revenge, which is why young people are fascinated by it!  Some say that the people read with love because they are satisfied with the natural dislike of the British Raj in looking at the pictures of the plight of the English officials!  Etc. etc.  I urge you not to let go of such imaginary horses.  Because there is still two and a half times the history left.  And my detailed entry is still behind.  My purpose is historical, not diplomatic.  I, on the other hand, am providing the material to think discreetly about the Kathiawadi outlaws, whom the monarchy deals only with the word "scoundrels" and on the other hand whom some class deems to be gods.  I am even plotting the bravery of the British against the heroism of the outsiders. Gujarati library free

 But even an experienced and history-loving civilian like Mr. Kinkaid has succumbed to his own bureaucratic point of view.  But I understand the need.  Moreover, my intention is to shed light not only on the outsiders, but also on the history of folk-life that surrounds them.  In particular, my future entrant will speak.  And there are still outsiders like Jogidas, Jeso Vejo, Ram Walo, Jodho Manek etc.

 Let me fulfill a duty that remained unfulfilled in the first instance: Bhai Shri Rana Ala Malek of Bhima Jat family has helped me a lot in researching these things.  That brave brother has gained a high reputation in Kathiawad Agency Police as a clever officer who chases outsiders.  At present, the brother is a criminal in Jamnagar state.  It is an example of old-fashioned masculinity, good-looking physical wealth, and virtue.  I am grateful for that.  Another helper is Bhai Shri Walji Thakkar, a resident of Akala village.  I like his small look, and his style of describing Abad in a calm and eloquent manner.  Apart from that, Bhai Shri Gagubhai's generous and valuable help is often received.

 These are the stories of only five outsiders.  Behind that, the superior bean goes inside.  Readers can digest such details well;  There will also be an introduction to the whole out-of-age philosophy.
 In 'Rasadhar' Jogidas Khuman, Sanghji Kavethiyo, Abho Sorathiyo, Hipo Khuman, Varjang Dhadhal etc.: and Ra.  Ra.  From Raichura, Bhimo Jat, Gigalo Mahiyo, etc.: These are written by loose outsiders.  But this is the vision of the Sangopang collection.  It is meant to represent not only the praises of all the outsiders અને and also all the black-and-white sides of them તમામ as many incidents as can be found, but also the faults of the character.  That is why the color scheme of 'Rasadhar' will be limited to 'Baharvatia'. education site

 This is a guide for any future historian.  In the files of monarchies, it is only a one-sided history.  The folklore tradition has a rich and colorful history, the people were beaten, robbed, suffered, yet the jawans of the looters were not forgotten.  It was an affront to the virtues of the killers.  The murder of an outsider was natural to her mind, but the strange theology at the heart of this massacre was magical in her eyes.  That is why the people kept the everlasting face of that importance.

 However, there is also a limit to the historicality of the memorized fact.  Enter the illustration, the existence of Bhima Jat's beloved Nannudi.  Mr.  Raichura's fiction is not fabulous, but trustworthy folklore, just as the denial of the character I received is also credible folklore.  Many others understand that.  Besides, it seems that the heroic people will be less prone to evil things.  Today, there is no tool to determine the truth, so much for its historicity.  But revealing all this would be untrue and people would automatically point fingers.  History will be shattered.

Charak Samhita book in gujarati PDF Free Download

Charak Samhita book in gujarati PDF Free Download

Here you can download Charak Samhita book in gujarati PDF Free.  Charak Samhita Book or book in Gujarati is given as pdf.  This Book will be Free Download.

Charak Samhita book in gujarati PDF Free Download

Charak Samhita Book Gujarati pdf

Charak Samhita in gujarati PDF Free Download

 First of all find out about this scripture why this Charak Samhita scripture is important.  PDF of this book

 This Charak Samhita is an ancient text of Ayurveda which was written by Acharya Charak.  This treatise was written in Sanskrit language.Gujarati Language also here.

 If we talk about Acharya Charak, he has played an important role in ancient art and Ayurveda.  For which they are world famous.  Acharya Charak is considered to be the father of Ayurveda.

 Treasure of 31 Ayurvedic books pdf

 Some of the words in the writing of this Charak Samhita Granth are written in Pali language.  The Charak Samhita Granth is divided into 8 parts and contains a total of 120 chapters.

 The Charak Samhita contains all the principles of Ayurveda and what is not in this scripture is not in any other literature.  This book is considered to be the complete book of the principles of Ayurveda

 Charak Samhita Book Gujarati pdf

 The main 8 sections in Charak Samhita are as follows, as well as the Charak Samhita Book given in PDF below is the first part Gujarati Library free book download

 Formula location

 Diagnosis location

 Viman location

 Body location

 Sense location

 Medical location

 Aeon location

 Place of achievement

Charak Samhita book in gujarati PDF Free Download



      The book is a tool for looking at the human mind.  The key to cultivating discretion and dexterity is the book.  ‘Knowledge is energy.’ Reading is necessary for the fertility of the mind.  Reading enriches a person.

       Reading a book reveals an appetite for ideas.  Through the book you can get what you want.  You can go anywhere with a book that is synonymous with the energy of knowledge.  Libraries have a lion's share in social development.  Reading a book is important for the development of the society.

          Libraries as a source of information:
 Libraries do basic work in Gujarat.  Our glorious heritage has been transformed into a literal book and it comes in book libraries.  These books are available in libraries for everyone.  The book collects information on the past and present and prepares plans for the future.  The glorious and glorious history of Gujarat is found in libraries.  Gujarat's well-equipped libraries are rich in information such as books, reference materials, language books, management books, etc.

Charak Samhita book in gujarati PDF Free Download





Gujarat no nath pdf book : Kaniayalal Munsi
Rajadhiraj pdf book - Kaniayalal Munsi
Jay somnath pdf book -Kaniayalal Munsi
Pruthvi vilabh pdf book -Kaniayalal Munsi
Patan ni prabhuta pdf book -Kaniayalal Munsi
Suvarn yug pdf book -Kaniayalal Munsi
Lopa mudra pdf  book -Kaniayalal Munsi

Hi friends I welcome Rajesh Prajapati to my academic and recruitment blog. You are provided with new recruitment preparations and all academic updates. My regular blog friends know this. I want to make friends who are new to this matter. If you are aware of this and you are told to be useful. It is important that you stay connected with us and read all the articles provided here and that this article is useful to you.

Friends we bring you different articles and we try our best to keep you updated. You will be given regular government circulars. You will be able to download the circulars and use them in your administrative work. A circular PDF has been provided for you in this post. A collection of circulars has been given to you. A PDF of 979 circulars has been provided to you. In which resolutions and circulars have been given from time to time.

Here are the government circulars in the PDF. There are government resolutions. These circulars and resolutions will be required of you. Will be useful. This PDF is provided specifically for you. These circulars have been placed for special teachers, principals, Htat principals, TPEOs, DPEOs, and others who are kare administrative work. Those who can download the PDF directly from this PDF with one click. The hardcopy will be able to hold its own file with the print. Gujarati Library free book

Download the PDF within the Reading Campaign
A reading campaign has been launched in the primary schools of Gujarat. Under which a teleconference was held today in Bisseg. In which all information about the reading campaign was given.

Various modules are provided within the reading campaign. It is named after the language Deep. The activities related to the reading campaign are provided in Bhashadeep. A total of 20 weeks of activities related to language enrichment have been provided.

An estimated 150 to 190 activities have been provided in Bhashadeep. There are seven to ten activities per week. The language provided in the Deep module. The module also offers content and oral activities, and fun time activities such as Gujarati, Mathematics, Environment, Social Sciences and Science Technology.
Some activities of language practice are provided. All of these activities are provided in the Language Deep module. Some activities in this module are also provided outside of the textbook. Some activities are also for textbooks. These are activities for language practice. Which are activities for reading expeditions. Zaverchand meghani all free book
Language education is not the job of the teacher of Gujarati subjects only. It is not that the teacher of Gujarati subject has to do this work. Thus, language practice is essential in all subjects. Every teacher has to do it. Every teacher has to participate in the reading campaign. This task is to be done by every class teacher.

  Important link :-



DOWNLOAD KARO Click here to pdf




A mobile application, also referred to as a mobile app or simply an app, is a computer program or software application designed to run on a mobile device such as a phone, tablet, or watch. Apps were originally intended for productivity assistance such as email, calendar, and contact databases, but the public demand for apps caused rapid expansion into other areas such as mobile games, factory automation, GPS and location-based services, order-tracking, and ticket purchases, so that there are now millions of apps

Apps are generally downloaded from application distribution platforms which are operated by the owner of the mobile operating system, such as the App Store (iOS) or Google Play Store. Some apps are free, and others have a price, with the profit being split between the application's creator and the distribution platform. Mobile applications often stand in contrast to desktop applications which are designed to run on desktop computers, and web applications which run in mobile web browsers rather than directly on the mobile device.
In 2009, technology columnist David Pogue stated that smartphones could be nicknamed "app phones" to distinguish them from earlier less-sophisticated smartphones. The term "app", short for "software application", has since become very popular; in 2010, it was listed as "Word of the Year" by the American Dialect Society. Gujarati library free books read
Most mobile devices are sold with several apps bundled as pre-installed software, such as a web browser, email client, calendar, mapping program, and an app for buying music, other media, or more apps. Some pre-installed apps can be removed by an ordinary uninstall process, thus leaving more storage space for desired ones. Where the software does not allow this, some devices can be rooted to eliminate the undesired apps.

Apps that are not preinstalled are usually available through distribution platforms called app stores. They began appearing in 2008 and are typically operated by the owner of the mobile operating system, such as the Apple App Store, Google Play, Windows Phone Store, and BlackBerry App World. However, there are independent app stores, such as Cydia, GetJar and F-Droid. Some apps are free, while others must be bought. Usually, they are downloaded from the platform to a target device, but sometimes they can be downloaded to laptops or desktop computers. For apps with a price, generally a percentage, 20-30%, goes to the distribution provider (such as iTunes), and the rest goes to the producer of the app. The same app can, therefore, cost a different price depending on the mobile platform.